The Montessori Method was developed in the early 1900s by Dr. Maria Montessori. She had been conducting experimental research with disabled and mentally challenged children, providing them with an environment which included a series of exercises with specially designed self-teaching materials. Dr. Montessori discovered that the children were responding to these methods by exhibiting a deep concentration, resulting in a fundamental shift in their way of being. They were no longer exhibiting the usual behaviour of fantasy, inattention and disorder, but had moved to a state of profound peace, calm and order. Dr. Montessori concluded that this was the true natural state for children, and extended her research to include children without special learning needs.
The first Montessori learning centre, called “The Childrens House” was opened in 1907. Dr. Montessori continued to be heavily involved in the development of the Montessori method, writing numerous books and publications and giving many lectures on the method until her death in 1952.